Gum disease does more than cause bad breath; it’s also a common cause of tooth loss and other, more serious health problems. Fortunately, gum disease is also highly treatable. If your gums bleed when you brush or floss your teeth, gingivitis may be to blame. Don’t hesitate to seek professional help. The team at PK Cosmetic and Family Dentistry in Sterling, Virginia, regularly works with patients to combat gum disease using safe, effective means of treatment. To make an appointment with Kourosh Kianpour, DDS, or Mojgan Partovi, DDS, call the office or use the online booking tool today.
Gum disease is an inflammatory condition that affects your gums and the surrounding soft tissues that support your teeth. Healthy gums are a pale pink color, have a firm texture, and a matte appearance. If your gums bleed or become irritated when you brush or floss your teeth, you likely have some form of gum disease.
There are many different types of gum disease, but the two most common types are gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the most basic form of gum disease and occurs as a result of plaque building up on the surface of your teeth. Bacteria inside the plaque causes your gums to become inflamed. Fortunately, good oral hygiene and regular trips to the dentist make it possible to reverse gingivitis. This is because, at this stage, there’s no permanent damage to your jaw bone or gums.
Left untreated, gingivitis may progress to periodontitis. Periodontitis occurs when bacteria reach beneath your gum line, causing your gums and bone to start pulling away from your teeth. This process forms pockets that collect food debris and bacteria, furthering the infection. Your body’s immune system works to fight back, but the toxins produced by the bacteria eat away at your gum tissue and bone. Over time, your teeth may become loose and even fall out.
The gum disease treatment you’ll most benefit from depends on the severity of your infection. At your initial consultation, your PK Cosmetic and Family Dentistry provider performs a thorough oral exam and develops a treatment plan based on your unique symptoms and needs.
If your gum disease is in the early stages, a deep cleaning or gum therapy procedure, such as scaling and root planing may provide significant relief. During scaling and root planing, your dentist carefully scrapes away plaque from above and below your gum line (scaling) and smooths out hardened deposits of bacteria on your teeth (planing), providing a surface for your gums to reattach to.
If you have advanced gum disease, your dentist might recommend gum surgery, such as flap surgery, bone graft, or guided tissue regeneration. The team also offers prescription antibiotics, including Perio Med® and Peridex®, which help stop gum disease in its tracks by eradicating harmful bacteria.
To learn more about your treatment options for gum disease, make an appointment at PK Cosmetic and Family Dentistry. Call the office or use the online booking tool and request yours today.